About Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME)

Sunday, 11 September 2022

News from the HSE re Clinical Guideline for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME)


The Chief Clinical Officer is supporting the development of a Clinical Guideline for ME


A Clinical Guideline Development Group has been established to develop the Clinical Guideline in Ireland


1)     How this was achieved


2)     What you can do to make a difference: ME Advocates Ireland (MEAI) National ME Survey


3)     HSE letters about the Clinical Guideline:

·       to inform you

·       to inform your Doctor and Health Professionals


1)     How this was achieved


September 2018:

MEAI reported that after an independent investigation resulting in the Culliton/O’Malley Report the HSE received recommendations which were expected to bring change for those with ME by establishing a working group to develop a national guidance document for ME.




May 2019:       An HSE ME Working Group began.

It was interrupted by Covid and did not reconvene after August 2020.


March 2021:   MEAI Advocates continued to receive concerns from across the country.

Joan, Moira and Christine submitted a complaint to the CEO’s office about:


The continuing lack of national Clinical Guidance and knowledgeable care for those with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis, Adult and Paediatric services across all Hospital Groups and Community Health Organisations.


1st April 2021: The Chief Clinical Officer’s (CCO) General Manager acknowledged the complaint


May 2021:       We began a series of comprehensive meetings about our complaint took place across many months.

We approached a number of people who recorded their experiences of the reality of life with ME so that we could share these with the CCO’s office.


We made clear to the CCO’s office that action was needed which resulted in change and improved evidence-based care in both acute and community services for those living with ME so that we receive the quality of care which the National Healthcare Charter commits to.



Whilst it has taken time, MEAI’s complaint and ongoing engagements with the CCO’s office since April 2021, in combination with Parliamentary Questions and letters from other groups in recent months, the result is the CCO has committed to creating a Clinical Guideline for ME using the HSE’s ‘PPPG Framework’ a recognised structured process for writing Clinical Guidelines and policies.


MEAI have repeatedly emphasised that the Clinical Guideline Group and the implementation process should commit to the following principles:


·       That the Clinical Guideline Group will engage with patient representatives and the ME community to:    


o   understand the problems we face

o   work with us to create solutions which will meet our needs in acute and community services.


·       That staff training and information for staff, adults and children with ME will be developed based on the content of the Clinical Guideline.


·       That the process to create and implement the Clinical Guideline to ensure improved Service User experience clearly evidences the patient public partnership at its best.


2)     What you can do to make a difference: MEAI Survey


Many thanks to you who have completed and returned surveys.


·       If you have not returned your survey please make it a priority.


o   Return surveys by post to: MEAI, C Fenton, Derrybeg, Lisserlough, Via Boyle, Co. Sligo, F52 XF65

o   Return electronic surveys to: meaisurvey2021@gmail.com


·       If you are unable to complete all parts of the survey please:


o   send what you have been able to do

o   write or record the experience which most stands out in your mind and send it to us


All contributions are valuable and will be included in the feedback.


If you would like to request a Survey Pack or have any further queries please email the survey email address at: cfmeaisurvey2021@gmail.com


contact one of the survey coordinators using the messenger button on the ME Advocates Ireland Facebook page.


Kind Regards,



3)     HSE letters about the Clinical Guideline

·       Letter to inform you 

·       Letter to inform your Doctor and Health Professionals 

Wednesday, 7 September 2022

An Assessment of Post-Exertional Malaise (PEM)

Here is a list of symptoms (39) made worse due to physical or cognitive exertion, from Table 4 of the Jason et al 2019 study entitled, ‘Assessment of Post-Exertional Malaise (PEM) in Patients with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME)’ where 1534 ME patients responded to questions about PEM

Table 4

1. Reduced stamina and/or functional capacity

2. Physical fatigue
3. Cognitive exhaustion
4. Problems thinking
5. Unrefreshing sleep
6. Muscle pain
7. Insomnia
8. Muscle weakness/instability
9. Temperature dysregulation
10. Flu-like symptoms
11. Aches all over your body
12. Physically fatigued while mentally wired
13. Dizziness
14. Gastro-intestinal problems
15. Headaches
16. Ataxia
17. Increased heart rate/heart palpitations  
18. Weak or stiff neck
19. Joint pain
20. Problems with speech
21. Sore throats
22. Muscle twitching
23. Night sweats and chills
24. Sore eyes
25. Nerve pain  
26. Sore lymph nodes  
27. Nausea  
28. Tinnitus  
29. Trouble breathing  
30. Neurological symptoms  
31. Excessive sleep  
32. Loss of appetite  
33. Migraines  
34. Cardiac pain and/or arrhythmia  
35. Brain twangs  
36. Severe burning sensation all over skin  
37. Paralysis/inability to move  
38. Premenstrual symptoms  
39. Decreased heart rate


Here is the link to the complete study by Jason et al:

Monday, 29 August 2022

Paralysis in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) and the Dismissal of Paralysis by Clinicians


Paralysis is a terrifying symptom that has often been reported in feedback from people with Severe Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) yet it is rarely referred to and has not been researched.

Paralysis in ME means the patient cannot feel and cannot move and has no choice.

Paralysis in ME can take over part of the body or the whole body, i.e., partial, or full body paralysis.

Paralysis is not treated as if it is part of ME, especially in Severe/Very Severe ME.

Paralysis, a recognised part of ME, is generally ignored, downplayed, or treated as not real.

Please read our full post on Paralysis in Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) which includes expert information from severe ME patient Linda Crowhurst and her carer, husband Greg Crowhurst, as well as research from Leonard Jason and a harrowing personal experience of paralysis by a person with severe ME here: https://meadvocatesireland.blogspot.com/2022/05/day-15-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-me.html

Monday, 8 August 2022

Severe ME Remembrance & Understanding Day - August 8th 2022

Understanding Severe Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) in Ireland


Image by Greg Crowhurst

The patients in the Severe ME category include those with Severe, Very Severe and Profound ME. People in these categories lie motionless in darkened rooms suffering horrendous never ending symptoms that can make movement, communication, activity and their care impossible. 

Some patients with severe ME are wasting away in bed living a ghastly existence hour by hour; some have to be tube fed, are hypersensitive to an unimaginable degree, so hypersensitive that the slightest wrong movement the carer or any visitor makes can be devastating. 

People with severe ME suffer from extreme all over multi-level pain, multiple sensitivities, periodic transient paralysis, (in some cases it is a cardinal symptom), blood pressure and heart issues, muscle weakness, numbness, cognitive dysfunction, visual difficulties, muscle spasms, gut issues, sleep issues.... their body is in chaos, burning and throbbing in pain. 

The experience of the person with severe ME is not obvious at all -  snapshots, photos, seeing the person when they have a short period of perceived wellness contributes to misunderstanding. The experience of the person with severe ME needs to be learned slowly and understood as much as possible so that appropriate caring of any kind can take place, including medical care. The carer, the healthcare worker, the home supports, the patient's doctor and others have to remember that with severe ME in particular there will always be a post exertional response that has to be considered ahead of any support or medical care.

The cardinal feature of ME is Post Exertional Neuro Immune Exhaustion (PENE) as per the International Consensus Criteria (ICC 2011). PENE occurs very easily in people with Severe ME, it could be as simple as a response to someone entering the patient's bedroom, a response to movement and noise which cannot be tolerated. Or a response to someone's perfume or light coming through the window.

More than sixty distinct symptoms have been documented in Severe Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), several of which are unique to the disease. 

Taking the above mentioned symptoms on board it is impotant that fatigue is not considered a defining nor essential symptom of ME. Fatigue is most definitely not a defining nor essential symptom of Severe ME. Fatigue is entirely the wrong word to associate with any severity of ME, it does not describe the horrendous poisoned state of illness. 

PEM occurs in other illnesses but PENE is unique to ME and is very clearly defined in the ICC. 



Image by Greg Crowhurst

The situation with Severe Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) in Ireland is that:

  • there are 100s of people with severe ME barely living and without appropriate healthcare
  • there are many lying in bed disabled and unable to move, unable to do something as simple as brushing teeth or getting to the bathroom without assistance
  • there are those who cannot tolerate visitors including carers which makes caring very difficult and leaves the person with ME alone in silence in a darkened room
  • there are some who cannot eat because of gut issues, who cannot tolerate hospitalisation or visiting medics so they go without appropriate care for their medical needs, lose weight and become dangerously malnourished and under weight
  • there are those who when they have to be hospitalised end up with inappropriate care, can be abused and gaslighted by medics who are unaware of the severity of symptoms and unaware of the consequences for the patient to be in a noisy and busy hospital
  • there are no Irish guidelines for Severe ME (or any category of ME) for adults and paediatrics
  • there is a lack of interest by the HSE to adopt rigourous criteria, i.e., the International Consensus Criteria & Primer until Irish guidelines have been developed
  • there's no inclusion of Severe ME in medical teaching (or any category of ME)
  • there's little to zero knowledge among health professionals
  • there are no trained health professionals
  • there's no GP awareness
  • there's no national lead for ME despite the severe, very severe & profound categories
  • there's no clinical care pathway for adults and paediatrics
  • there's no follow on healthcare pathway for children who turn18 if they have received any type of support* from a medic as a child (*most supportive medics have been educated about ME by the parents and other advocates on behalf of the child)
  • there are delays in diagnosis, or there's misdiagnosis, leading to a more severe form of ME
  • there's no information re management and treatment once a person receives a diagnosis
  • there are severe ME patients putting up with abuse, neglect and gaslighting by medics who won't admit to their lack of knowledge and who have no idea of the effects onthe patient with regards to the post exertional response
  • there's difficulty accessing welfare support and other community services due to lack of knowledge & guidelines across CHOs, and due to lack of recognition of ME as a disability.....suffering from severe ME can necessitate a family member, friend or carer to do the paperwork for the person in their care
  • there is lack of consistency across the different CHO areas with regards to how applications for supports for ME patients are managed and the supports awarded
  • there are delays accessing home care supports after patients are awarded supports
  • there is lack of knowledge of the severity of symptoms and the horrendous potential effects of visiting carers and other community workers on the person with severe ME 
  • there is lack of cover when carers cannot attend due to illness/holidays/other, often leaving the person with ME without meals and essential care 
  • there is no support policy for under 65s and supports awarded are at the discretion of the home support team; disability is taken into account but again at the discretion of the support team

Despite Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) affecting thousands of people in Ireland, of which 25% have a severe form and 2% have very severe ME, clinicians lack the knowledge to appropriately diagnose or manage ME. Unfortunately, clinical guidance has been scarce, obsolete, or potentially harmful. Consequently, patients remain undiagnosed, and those with a diagnosis often receive inappropriate treatment.

The above issues listed are not limited and perpetually exist because of the lack of willingness by the HSE to bring relevant stakeholders together to produce guidelines and to equally involve the experts, i.e., the ME patients and patient partners (reps). We need to see an end to the mistreatment and abuse of people with ME, especially those with severe ME, including children who have suffered from similar experiences to adults, those who have been threatened with removal from their families and coerced into damaging treatments.

We need to get recognition and education about ME across all community healthcare services - for patients to be accorded the same basic human rights given to other illnesses. For that to happen ME guidelines must be developed by the HSE, guidelines that truly capture the illness and the issues experienced by people with severe ME.

Image by Wendy Boutillier/Artz Studios

There needs to be a partnership between the HSE and ME patients, or others who represent patients too severe to advocate for themselves.

The public and patient partnership we have experienced in other areas of the HSE has met expectations of patients being involved in policy and organisational decision making, it has shown positive partnership with patients and the public and inclusion in participatory spaces that share decision-making power to inform design and policy, an important process that could is essential to bring about relevant policy for the Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) community in Ireland. 

There has to be shared responsibility, where patient and public representatives, health care professionals, academics, and leaders work in partnership, successfully embracing essential public and patient involvement – a person-centred healthcare culture set up with the purpose of increasing understanding of the patients needs and essential to creating a more responsive policy and greater health equity for people with ME.

We join a public call on the HSE to develop guidelines for adults and children with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), across all severities, and to include the expert patient voice to ensure inclusion of those with severe ME including very severe and profound ME.


Untold morbidity, unspeakable suffering - until we address the glaring holes in our understanding and the forces that prevent us doing so, we will not move forward.

Image by Alison/Alistepha Art

Many thanks to Greg Crowhurst, Wendy Boutillier/Artz Studios, Alison/Alistepha Art, for your images